Prior to this work, the best comparable experiment was by Schiffer et al. at much higher fields.
There was also a heat capacity study:
Below we have an outline for the arguement on why it is important to look at the low field limit.
CLASSICAL MAGNETIC PHASE TRANSITIONS
Mermin-Wagner theorem shows that low energy spin waves destroy long range order.
This is consistent with the lore of no phase transition. But is this relevant to this system?
Now the data:
High temperature fits
To analyze the high temperature data we can adjust both the effective exchange constant J and an effective number of spins.
Results of the high temperature analysis (Heisenberg model)
CW results -- in the low temperature regime
Linewidth and frequency shift
Comparison with Heisenberg model
Kopietz, Scharf, Skaf, and Chakravarty, (1989).
Magnetization reduction by spin-waves in 2-D
Last term is the k = 0 term which dominates at low temperatures and low fields.
= 3.4 mK. If N = 400, T
Inclusion of the weak dipolar energy can lead to long range order.
Yafet, Kwo, and Gyorgy, Phys. Rev. B, (1986).
Weak dipolar interactions modify long wavelength spin wave energies
Friedman, Thomson, Gould, Bozler, Weichman, Cross,(1989).
is the dipolar energy per atom. Typical values for
are about 1/4.